There are many info about information, temperature, temperature measurement, measurement system, and temperature conversion data are presented in the application report . In the application report the reader can find info regarding tmp100 temperature sensor, conversion data, power consumption, implementation, and conversion.
This application report contains discussion about interface, temperature measurement system, communication, sensor, and current consumption. Here are some excerpt from this application report :
Many systems across a vast array of applications require some implementation of temperature sensing and measurement. Often, these measurements must be performed remotely requiring battery-powered implementations and consequently, low power consumptions for increased system life. A host of measurement solutions exist including the use of discrete transistors, thermistors or thermocouples and system-on-a-chip (SoC) integrated circuits.
In addition, the application report tells you information such as application, resolution, i2c, measurement, and temperature sensor.