Lots of discussion such as technology, absorption, intercomparison experiment, fast response, calibration, ambient measurements, hydrocarbons, observatory photochemistry experiment, laser, carbon monoxide, molybdenum oxide, determination, analysis, samples, and measurements are described inside this paper. The paper contains discussion around analytical chemistry, research, atmosphere, compounds, mass spectrometry, nitrous acid, concentration, measurement techniques, sulfur dioxide, standard, experiment, comparison, collection, systems, and detection limits.
Inside the paper we can get description such as sampling, environment, atmospheric environment, journal, volatile organic compounds, oxidation products, environmental science, sulfuric acid, mixing ratio, laser absorption, measurement techniques journal, standard deviation, measurements journal, environmental science technology, and results. Below are grabbed from the paper:
The techniques currently available to measure the ambient atmospheric concentrations of O , O -precursors (including the odd-hydrogen free radicals), the oxidation products of these compounds, and gas-phase aerosol precursors are outlined below. This critical review focuses on the recent developments, and, in particular those developments that have been reported in the published literature since 1990. In general, the techniques are described in terms of the results of formal and informal comparisons of the techniques in measuring the compounds of interest in the ambient atmosphere. The article concludes with a brief discussion of calibration methods and standards and tests that should be routinely performed when measurements in ambient atmosphere are undertaken.
Additionally, this paper presents info about photochemistry experiment, instruments, method, geophysical research, troposphere, nitric acid, tunable diode, organic nitrates, concentrations, sulfur compounds, detection limit, methods, photochemical processing, research data, and techniques.