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In the research we can read description related to sample, nanoparticle, measurement techniques, analyzer, and distribution. These are chosen from this research:
Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) number concentrations of particles aerosol, concentrations 0 to 100,000 3 particles/cm , can be in a flow, higher temps to 200° possible C 2.5 to >3,000nm can be used for a flow, hand held models available Differential Mobility Analyzer particle size distribution aerosol down to 3nm can be combined with other techniques to create Tandem DMA or DMPS Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) particle size distribution aerosol, can be a concentrated sample of 1,000,000 – 2,400,000 particles/cm³ 3– 1,000nm uses an electrostatic classifier and a CPC, can also add DMA Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis (NTA) 500µl suspension, temp5 – 50° wide range C, of solvents can be used 10 – 1,000nm use with DLS or PCS X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) particle size and size distribution average particle size for a bulk sample larger crystalline samples (>1mg) required down to 1nm can identify individual crystals Aerosol Time of Flight Mass Spectrosc
Additionally, the research explains information around spectroscopy, measurement, measurements, concentration, and accuracy.