In this paper we can get description such as oxygen concentration, sensitivity, pumping cycle period, oxygen sensor, response, barometric pressure, operating principle, gases, stoichiometric combustion, sensor control, sensor health, calibration, oxygen ions, voltage regulation, and combustible gases. There are lots of discussion around oxygen, gas, oxygen pressure, zirconium, pressure, total pressure, pumping cycle, sense signal, sensing disc, combustion, concentration, control circuit, response time, and reversal voltages are described in the paper.
The paper presents explanation like output amplification, pump reversal voltages, zirconium dioxide, sensor asymmetry, heater, interface, voltage, temperature, control, oxygen sensors, measurement, conditioning, mixture, cross sensitivity, and signal. Here are chosen from the paper:
Two different ion concentrations on either side of an electrolyte generate an electrical potential known as the Nernst voltage. This voltage is proportional to the natural logarithm of the ratio of the two different ion concentrations. Sensortechnics’ oxygen sensors of the XYA series consist of two zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) discs coated with thin porous layers of platinum which serve as electrodes (see Fig. 1). The two discs are attached to a platinum ring, forming a hermetically sealed chamber. At the outer surfaces of the ZrO2 discs there are two further platinum rings to provide for the sensors electrical contacts.
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