Many information about terrestrial, accuracy, measurement, levelling measurements, precise levelling, estimation, equation, and engineering are described in this technical report. This technical report contains information regarding vertical deformations, deformation, analysis, network, variance, adjustment, and measurement techniques.
Inside this technical report you can find explanation around deformation analysis, deformation points, component, vertical deformation analysis, terrestrial measurement techniques, thesis, technique, and measurements. These are grabbed from the technical report:
Monitoring and analyzing deformations of large structures is included in the main interest of Geodesy Science. In deformation monitoring, terrestrial techniques such as precise levelling and/or space-based techniques such as GPS (Global Positioning System) are most commonly used measurement methods. In this paper, the subject is vertical deformation analysis of a large viaduct across a lake. The viaduct is a very attractive test object with its geological and geotechnical conditions for deformation research. With the aim of determining the deformations of this engineering structure, a control network was established and four campaign GPS measurements were carried out. GPS measurements were supported by Precise Levelling Technique. Because of that the height component is the least accurately determined GPS coordinate, due to geometric weakness of system and atmospheric errors.
Additionally, this technical report presents more such as structures, assessment, deformation measurements, geodesy, monitoring, terrestrial measurement, and graphics.