Many information related to sensor output, sensor, zirconia sensors, the oxygen sensor, and oxygen concentration are described in the tutorial. Inside the tutorial the reader can learn description like response, lambda probes, sensors, oxygen sensor, and system.
This tutorial tells us things like probe, oxygen sensors, applications, zirconia sensor, and titania sensor output. Below are grabbed from this tutorial:
An oxygen sensor, or lambda sensor, is an electronic device that measures the proportion of oxygen (O2) in the gas or liquid being analyzed. It was developed by Robert Bosch GmbH during the late 1960s under supervision by Dr. Günter Bauman. The original sensing element is made with a thimble-shaped zirconia ceramic coated on both the exhaust and reference sides with a thin layer of platinum and comes in both heated and unheated forms. The planar-style sensor entered the market in 1998 (also pioneered by Robert Bosch GmbH) and significantly reduced the mass of the ceramic sensing element as well as incorporating the heater within the ceramic structure. This resulted in a sensor that both started operating sooner and responded faster.
Additionally, this tutorial tells the reader info such as output, oxygen, titania sensor, and sensor element.